This is purely academic.
I am following the ExxonMobil and Attorney General Maura Healey lawsuit because it interests me from a purely academic standpoint. Here's a link from the Boston Hearld
Basically, I find it interesting (from a Constitutional 1st, 4th and 5th Amendment perspectives) that a State AG is suing not only a company for what it stated about climate change, but also (conservative) think tanks for what they said as well.
But, this little detail is niggling me:
Can a State AG issue a discovery subpoena without a judge's signature and still be enforced?
From my understanding Healey issued this subpoena to ExxonMobil, but it's without a judge's signature. Why wouldn't EM just tell the State AG to pound sand?
Even if this is a civil case, can any attorney at any time just show up at your door and say "give me documents because we are suing you?"
And if it is civil litigation, do the same rules of discovery apply (as in prosecution is allowed no surprises)?