Can a public speech be copyrighted or otherwise protected with regard to intellectual property ?? (with regard to Melania Trump’s speech before the Republican National Convention)
Any text can be protected by copyright, as long as it has a fixed form. It is not completely obvious whether a fair use defense would succeed: the essentials are spelled out here. The most important consideration is non-commerciality and lack of impact on market and the purpose of the use, so the chances are slim that an infringement accusation would gain legal traction.