I am preparing my exhibits for a special education impartial hearing. The requirements are less stringent than for a court case. If I can satisfy the requirements for a court case, I will be fine. Problem: I'm not a lawyer and have no experience with court cases.

I want to include a newspaper article in my exhibits. This particular newspaper has its archives freely available on the internet. Shall I just print out the article, and put the url a little bit below the text? Or is there a special way of citing a newspaper article?

Edit 9/27/16:

What I ended up doing was just printing the article (to a pdf) from the website. Didn't have any problems doing it this way.

  • 1
    I looked at p12.nysed.gov/specialed/lawsregs/sect2005.htm and found nothing specific. I think the answer is, "do what everybody else does" – it is very unlikely that they will be obsessive about such details. However, I suggest giving a date, publication name, edition, section, page and article-citation. Things on the internet are suspicious and temporary and URLs are not worth squat, so show that it derives from something real and independently verifiable – a piece of paper. Permanence and traceability are probably low-priority, but it's classy.
    – user6726
    Commented Jul 28, 2016 at 4:29
  • Be sure to include a certification on your part as to the source and correctness of your copies. Commented Jul 28, 2016 at 16:42
  • @user3344003 - I don't understand. Could you explain what that means? I went to the website, hit "print", printed to a pdf -- what do you mean by my "copies"? And what is "certification"? Note that basically I just need to cite my source in a way that the opposing lawyer can verify so she won't dispute it. But remember, in general the requirements are not as stringent as in a court of law. Commented Jul 28, 2016 at 18:12

1 Answer 1


The generally accepted legal citation format in the U.S. is the Bluebook.

Here is a website to help you generate the citation: Citeus Legalus.

As an example, here is how one would cite this New York Times article from today's paper called Debt Collectors’ Abuses Prompt Consumer Agency to Propose New Rules that you accessed online.

Stacy Cowley, Debt Collectors’ Abuses Prompt Consumer Agency to Propose New Rules, 165 N.Y. Times, July 28, 2016, available at http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/28/business/dealbook/debt-collectors-abuses-prompt-consumer-agency-to-propose-new-rules.html (last visited July 28, 2016).

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .