Say that a defense attorney is assigned to defend a client for some crime. They communicate with each other to discuss their defense, and their conversations are subject to attorney-client privilege. The confidentiality has consistently been upheld by courts.
But what if at some point while working together, the attorney sees clear indications of child abuse. Or perhaps even the client flat out tells the attorney that they are abusing their child.
This creates a conflict: the attorney is obliged to keep the information confidential and prove the client's innocence in the current case. Having this be reported will not only break that confidentiality, but also likely damage their client's character such that the case is much less likely to win. However, the safety of a child is at stake and inaction may have tragic consequences.
Is the defense attorney required to report the child abuse and violate attorney-client privilege?