It may not be libel, but it may violate other statutes and may support a judgement against the person publishing this information as long as there is an injury-in-fact ("an invasion of a legally protected interest that is concrete and particularized and actual or imminent, not conjectural or hypothetical").
A recent case, Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins 578 U.S. ___ (2016) considered the case where a company created a profile for a person. That profile stated "that he is married,
has children, is in his 50’s, has a job, is relatively affluent,
and holds a graduate degree". The plaintiff asserted that all of this was incorrect.
The plaintiff made a claim under the Fair Credit Reporting Act because the information was false.
However, mere violation of statute is not sufficient to meet the "injury-in-fact" requirement for standing. Congress can't create standing via statute. Injury-in-fact still requires a "concrete" injury. This does not need to be a physical, tangible injury. But, it does need to be concrete.
On its own, publication of false information, even when statute prohibits it, does not create standing. There must be an injury-in-fact.