Is a "wilful act" an intentional act that can never exist without the agent's intention (e.g. similar to "dolo" in Spanish)? Or can an act that I didn't desire the outcome, but that I performed consciously, be considered an "wilful act"?
By the same token, is "gross negligence" necessarily an omission, or can an act performed without due care be considered grossly negligent (similar to "culpa" in Spanish, in the strict sense)?
In case it makes a difference, I'm asking this in regard to contract-law liability.
Thank you very much!