I wonder whether Electric personal delivery device (EPDD) is forbidden to use local street in residential neighborhoods (the lowest level of "highway" ever). There is an amendment to the Virginia Motor Vehicle code online (HB 2016 and SB 1207). Citing from HB 2016 full text:
§ 46.2-908.1:1. Electric personal delivery devices.
D. No electric personal delivery device shall be operated on a public highway in the Commonwealth, except to the extent necessary to cross an intersection or crosswalk.
Street crossing is explicitly allowed. But if I understand it correctly EPDDs are in now way allowed on any kind of public highways (=all kinds of streets/roads ever) which would not permit them on local streets either.
If I did not miss other statements in the amendment then the question really is what is meant by "public highway" in this context. Is there a chance an "intercity road" is meant excluding local streets from the denial?