In this hypothetical (unless it's happened in the past), a prominent citizen or news agency makes statements about the president, or his decisions or policies, that are knowingly inaccurate or false while he is in office. In the opinion of the president and his counsel in this hypothetical, these false statements harm his reputation or otherwise cause damages to him or his administration.

Given that there are always people who openly criticize a president's decisions, to varying degrees of accuracy or hyperbole, would the president ever have the option of bringing charges against said person(s), this situation?

Are there laws specific to the executive branch in this case, or for government officers in general?

Note: I'm not referring to any president in particular, and don't wish for this to become a political debate.

  • My understanding is that government officials can't sue private citizens for criticizing their performance of official duties.Only, possibly, about their personal lives. – Libra Jun 24 '17 at 22:23
  • More generally, nobody can sue anybody for criticizing their actions. At least, not in the US. Anybody can sue for a defamatory (necessarily false) statement, and there are no laws preventing government officials from exercising their legal rights. – user6726 Jun 24 '17 at 23:42

Defamation is a suit that can be brought by anyone, however, there are extra hurdles if the plaintiff is an official. Following New York Times Co v Sullivan, the plaintiff must prove actual malice: that the defendant knew the information was untrue or acted with reckless disregard for its truth.

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