I'm interested in learning about the logistical process of obtaining a warrant. So far, what I keep reading is that in order to obtain a warrant, officers need to convince a judge or magistrate that they have enough probable cause for the warrant to be issued. A step by step process, involving every logistical aspect would be greatly appreciated. Here are some guiding questions that interest me:
- Do officers/prosecutors do this by having a hearing in front of the judge and presenting their affidavit?
- Or, do officers/prosecutors instead have a system to submit their documents into a "pool" that eventually gets to a judge?
- How is the judge chosen? Is it random? Whoever is available to look over the case?
- How fast are warrants typically approved by a judge? (from the moment the request is made until it is approved)
- Are warrants given on a first-come-first-served basis? (e.g., an officer submits a request to have a hearing and his request is put in a queue until a judge gets to it)
I'm interested in the United States. I wish to get a "general" overview of the process (if it's not standardized). If no such thing exists because it varies too much, then I'd love to see a few different examples across the board. Particularly, I'm interested to see the use of technology (e.g., one state that has the process more streamlined using technology vs. one that doesn't) to improve the efficiency of the process.