Is there a term of art for the "victim" in a criminal case?
I've done a bit of searching, but can't really find an accurate answer. Often victims are lumped together with witnesses.
The reason that this is important to me is that victim is quite an emotive term, and implies intent and wrong-doing in a way that a term of art would not.
This seems particularly relevant in cases that might involve criminal negligence or other forms of strict liability. For example, shooting someone by mistake because you are playing with a gun.
You can get quite strange degrees of indirection here, for example people might be prosecuted for careless driving because someone was physically injured (or indeed theft / littering), and the victim isn't necessarily technically part of the case.