I recently got into an argument regarding whether submitting the following letter to an instituition could be regarded as a fraud:
To Whomsover It May Concern
This is to certify that X is pursuing a Minor specialization in our department.
The courses offered by our department that have been taken by X are as follows:
Signed, Head of the Department
Now, B and C are the courses that X has taken as a part of the Minor specialization and A is a course that X has taken additionally but is not a part of the minor specialization. Now, one point of view is that the statement about the list of courses provides a sufficient reason behind the first statement--in which case, there is nothing fraudulent. Another intepretation is that the statement about the list of courses implies that these courses were taken as a part of the minor--due to which the document is obviously a case of fraud.
I would like to know which interpretation is correct--whether one should assume that the second statement provides a sufficient reason for the first or that it provides a necessary reason for the first.