I'm interested in the legal aspects of gathering (scraping) data from web pages with web robots / scrapers / crawlers. I am not sure which country's law applies in the case that a website is hosted in one country and accessed from a crawler program hosted in another country. Does the situation change if there are user publications on the website, from users living in none of the two countries?

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    Possibly both, and more besides. Every country can decide when to apply its own laws. What they can practically do to enforce them is another question. Commented Dec 8, 2017 at 19:36
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    Yes. The short answer is that the question doesn't have an easy answer. Somebody files a suit somewhere in a particular court and that court follows its jurisdiction's choice of law rules a body of law that is neither uniform nor consistent.
    – ohwilleke
    Commented Dec 8, 2017 at 21:16

1 Answer 1


In theory the law of every country where the web page can be accessed as well as the author’s and scraper’s location and citizenship(s) as well as the server’s location(s).

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