There is a database of precise GPS traces. A trace from this database can be used in an Advanced driver-assistance system to help keep the vehicle in its lane. The vehicle in question is driven by a human driver. Another precise GPS trace of vehicle's trajectory is recorded while using the original trace for ADAS - is the newly created GPS trace a derivative work of the original database or not?
The ADAS system is constantly monitoring vehicle's current position against the original GPS trace and may only issue a warning in case the vehicle should leave the path of the original GPS trace. The ADAS system by itself however is not able to intervene via vehicle steering and thus change the vehicle's path.
I am specifically interested in two cases - whether the above use case is a:
derivative work according to the US copyright law
derivative work in terms of the ODC Open Database License (ODbL)