In the US, none of the 4 actions is legal: all copies require permission from the copyright owner. You may encounter public statements from spokespeople representing an organization such as the Recording Industry Association of America which suggests that they are not concerned with making a personal copy, but such statements have no legal authority. "Sharing" with friends and family is plainly against the law.
Other countries may recognise a personal use exception. Sec. 53 of German copyright law allows a person to "make single copies of a work for private use on any medium". The copy has to be made legally, and it can "neither directly nor indirectly serve commercial purposes". Another person can make the copy for you, but they cannot be paid for doing so. You could pick a device for that extra copy, but not all devices.
The EU IP office have a laxer interpretation of German law:
Am I allowed to give a copy of a work protected by copyright to a
family member or a friend?
Yes, at least insofar as the private copy is allowed, you are allowed
to give a copy of a protected work to a family member or a friend with
whom you have personal ties (but not to anyone else, even if called a
‘friend’, for example in the context of social media such as
They provide no analysis of how this would be legal. The Berne Convention Article 9(2) allows exceptional legislation, but does not state that sharing with friends is automatically allowed. There seems to be no specific legislation in Germany other than article 53 of German copyright law.