In the US, Yes, but it's far less restrictive. If you are traveling aboard for "Unofficial Foreign Travel", you must submit to your work a form that lists the country (ies) you plan to travel too and activities you plan to do in those countries and means of travel both in and out of that country. While rare, the government may issue warnings to the traveler about that country which are not so much travel restrictions, but things they need to be aware of before they travel. The choice is still the traveler's but they may cancel based on what they have been told. Even rarer is that a few countries will be blocked, though there is no hard list. Finally, the government may tell their employee no up to one hour prior to departure from the U.S. for any myriad of reasons, though this tends to be natural disaster situations more than political.
That said, most of the time if you travel to a country you didn't list, you are allowed to self report upon return to work, with little consequence.
From what I am aware of, this is only a restriction placed on people who are present employees and the reporting criteria is not lifetime. Once retired you do not need to report your travel.