is there anything I can do as a concerned citizen to ensure that the
claims are duly investigated by the relevant authorities? If so, what?
I've lived in Canada all my life but I have had very little to do with
the legal system and do not know which occurrences get investigated
and who initiates the investigation. Do I need to contact the RCMP
(federal police) and direct them to this story? Or contact a Crown
attorney (prosecutor)? Or can I count on the relevant agencies to
initiate an investigation themselves because they monitor the media?
Someone Contacts The Official In Charge Of Enforcing That Law
To merely call a potential violation of a law to the governments attention for the purposes of an investigation, as opposed to initiating legal proceedings, in this fact pattern, the proper step would generally be for somebody to contact a suitable official in a ministry of the national government that has responsibility for enforcing the law in question, and then to provide that person with your tip or complaint.
As I explore below, however, figuring out just how the right person is in the Canadian national government (this is clearly not a provincial or local issue) is non-obvious, and you might not be the best person to provide that tip or complaint.
"White collar" offenses by government officials are typically handled by specialized government officials who work at desks (and may or may not be badge carrying, gun toting law enforcement officers), rather than by uniformed police officers who drive around in police cars for most of their day.
But, there are multiple ministries that might have jurisdiction to initiate an investigation.
The most obvious would be the Minister of Justice and Attorney General for Canada, or the Minister of Public Safety. The Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Minister of National Defence would also be plausible agencies. So would the Minister of Border Security and Organized Crime Reduction could conceivably be an appropriate person as terrorism response is part of that ministry's portfolio.
In the U.S., a lot of regulation of charitable contributions and anti-terrorism funding is vested in our counterpart to the Minister of National Revenue or the Minister of Finance, but I don't know if the Canadian version is charged with enforcing this law. The allocation of responsibility to that agency in the U.S. is something of a historical accident.
Naively, one might think that the Minster of Democratic Institutions might have responsibility for handling governmental ethics issues, but, in fact, this ministry is strictly an R&D operation suggesting governmental reforms with no active law enforcement responsibilities.
Of course, in each case, you wouldn't just contact the minister of the entire department personally. You'd have to figure out which department was in charge of enforcing the law in question (it would help to figure out precisely which law this was) and then locate contact information to allow you to contact an official at the relevant bureau or office within the proper ministry, who handles communications with the general public.
The need to contact someone his isn't the figurehead of the agency isn't just a matter of not bothering someone who is too busy to attend to complaints and tips for ordinary citizens with no specialized knowledge of the case. It is also because mid-level government officials in an agency, unlike the minister and the minister's senior deputies, are civil servants with secure tenure and a fair amount of autonomy from elected officials, rather than being intimately apart of the cabinet, some of whose members may be implicated. Cabinet members, by convention in Canadian style parliamentary systems, are prohibited of criticizing the cabinet publicly even if they strongly disagree with something being done by it or its prominent members.
If I thought that directly contacting a sub-minister yourself were the right approach for you to take personally, I'd research the question of who that person is more closely, but as I explain below, this is probably not the right approach for you to take.
You Should Contact An MP or Senator
Realistically, the better course would be for you to air your concerns with your local MP (member of parliament), at the national level, who is vastly more familiar with who has jurisdiction over which laws, what is the politically effective way of getting things done, and who is responsible in addition to legislating, with serving as a liaison between generally concerns citizens with no particular personal interest in public affairs and the government.
If the MP felt that there was any merit to your concerns (which he would be in a position to communicate was shared by many of your fellow citizens if that was so), the MP could refer that problem on to the proper sub-minister and would be far more likely to be taken seriously in doing so than an individual citizen (typically via a formal letter, but sometimes through private back channels of communication).
Alternately, the MP might raise the issue at "question time" on the floor of the parliament, challenging the cabinet to decide who within its ranks should address that issue and how.
The "question time" and formal letter approaches are often preferred by MPs who want to take public credit for addressing an issue for their own political advantage. The back channel approach is often preferred by MPs who do not believe it is to their political advantage to be seen to address it publicly, but are nonetheless concerned and want something to get done (often this is actually more effective than formal channels).
If you doubt that your own MP is likely to take action (perhaps your own MP is implicated personally), then locate an opposition MP or a non-conflicted MP to take up your concern, ideally either from the same province or an MP that has shown an interest in the past in similar concerns.
This could also be a situation where the appointment of an ad hoc special prosecutor of some sort is the only way to get to the bottom of the situation, and an MP is better suited to making that happen than someone who is in a direct chain of command from the Prime Minister.
Another possibility is to contact someone in the Canadian Senate.
Usually Canadian Senators are ignored politically because they have almost no formal legislative power that can't be overridden by the House of Commons. But, this situation is unusual. Senators in Canada have little voting power, but are appointed for life, so they can intervene to take action in cases of scandal or liberty issues without putting their own political futures at risk. And, they have connections and a knowledge of how to properly interface with the system that is comparable to that of an MP.
Also, because Canadian Senators aren't to tied to a particular constituency, you have more freedom to locate a Canadian Senator to make the case for a concern you have than a conflicted MP who is your MP or a non-conflicted MP who may be disinclined to be responsive to and listen to someone who isn't from their constituency.
Doing Nothing Is Also Fine
If an issue is on the news and lots of people know about it, then there will be influential people, in Non-Governmental Organizations or political organizations, who are well aware of the issue.
Those people will be using their considerable expertise and connections to raise that issue with the right people in government in a more credible way than you would ever be able to manage. Indeed, they were probably hard at work on the issue, and trying to generate public support for their concerns in order to get politicians to take them more seriously, by acting as the source for the news story before anyone else in the general public knew about it. The media is mostly responsive to tips rather than pro-active in discovering potential scandals that no one else but them knew about before they looked into it.
The odds that this issue isn't being taken up by anyone because no one is stepping up to the plate to take action in this context are low.
It is far more likely that, for example, someone very concerned about the terrorist organization in question will be part of an NGO organized to deal with that concern and similar concerns, and that the director or counsel or government relations official in that NGO is already bringing up the issue with the right people.
So, if you do nothing, you shouldn't feel concerned that the issue, which has been aired on national media and made widely known to the general public, will not be addressed by anyone as a result of your inaction.