So under the majority of united states law, from what I understand, any corporation can call them selves "University" or "college" and give out degrees (With exception to Medical, Lawyer, ect) But nothing is stopping them for giving out a degree in Egganomics or Physcoanalysis because these aren't legally protected terms. The thinking is that the businesses and organisations can take in to a count the credentials. But countries like United Kingdom have laws regarding what is considered a "degree". So if I had a degree from "Hudson University" with a degree in say Egg Engineering would the United Kingdom accept the United States decision for it being considered a degree? Or would they call it quackery and arrest me for fraud?
It depends on the laws of the particular country, but in most European ones misrepresenting your qualifications is grounds for instant dismissal. It's only a crime if you are performing certain restricted duties such as practising medicine or providing legal services.
In your example you use relatively benign fake degrees. The most likely outcome would be that your deception is discovered through a simple Google search, and if you were somehow offered the job already you would be fired immediately without severance.
It would depend on how you listed it. A UK employer can't reasonably be expected to know the higher education law and practices everywhere in the rest of the world, so if you put on your CV that you have a degree from "Hudson University" then that might be considered to be claiming that it is a "real degree" from something comparable to a UK university, and hence being deliberately deceptive. On the other hand if you said it was from "Hudson University (non-accredited)" then you have told the truth.
As for consequences, an employer who spots it is going to mark you down for not being honest, or if they don't spot it you might well be sacked if someone figures it out later. I believe that this is theoretically fraud, but if everyone who over-polished their CV was charged with fraud the courts wouldn't have time for anything else.