So far my understanding has been that the government is the driver, the face of the State, and executive, legislature and judiciary are the three branches of the government. That's what I have so far considered to be the case for India too. However, a reading of Article 12 confused me. Here's what it says:
In this part, unless the context otherwise requires, the State includes the Government and Parliament of India and the Government and the Legislature of each of the States and all local or other authorities within the territory of India or under the control of the Government of India.
- Why does it explicitly writes State includes the Government and Parliament of India?
- Does Government of India means only the Executive branch? Furthermore, is it same as Union Government?
- Or, is it used to refer to Union Executive there, because Union Legislature is referred to by name as Parliament of India.
The Wikipedia page for India shows that Government of India has all those three branches.