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In Fitzpatrick v. Bitzer, 427 U.S. 445 (1976), the Court held that

Congress may, in determining what is "appropriate legislation" for the purpose of enforcing the provisions of the Fourteenth Amendment, provide for private suits against States or state officials which are constitutionally impermissible in other contexts.

In other words, Congress has the power to authorize private suits against states in pursuance to §5 of the Fourteenth Amendment via "appropriate legislation" (while normally it can't because of the Eleventh Amendment bar.)

Has the Supreme Court ever addressed the similar issue for the Fifteenth Amendment, given that, in both amendments, restrictions are directed towards states and Congress is accorded by explicit text the power to enforce "by appropriate legislation"?

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