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In India, the Vice-President shall submit his resignation to the President. But my question is:

In the absence of the President, the Vice-President shall submit his resignation to____?

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    A related question is whether the vice-president becomes the president at the moment the former president is no longer president, or not until the vice-president takes the presidential oath of office. If he or she becomes president immediately, he or she would submit the resignation from the office of president to the secretary of state. – Gerard Ashton Mar 11 at 17:23
  • VEEP becomes POUTS before the oath is taken, technically speaking. He did take the Oath of Office at the inauguration ceremony, and the office includes replacement President. There's also the case of the rare event of an inauguration falling on a Sunday, the swearing in ceremony is done the following Monday, but the President-Elect is President as of noon Sunday. – hszmv Mar 11 at 18:24
  • @hszmv the vice presidential oath is different from the presidential oath, and a new president is constitutionally prohibited from "entering on the execution of his office" until after he takes the presidential oath. Since 1877 there has been the practice of having a private oath on Sunday and a public ceremony on Monday, but this has only happened twice for a president's first term: Taylor in 1849 and Hayes in 1877. There does not seem to be an actual need for a second-term president to swear the oath. – phoog Mar 11 at 19:32
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In the US, the resignation of the office of President or Vice-President must be in writing to the Secretary of State. In India, the constitution provides (Art. 65) that

In the event of the occurrence of any vacancy in the office of the President by reason of his death, resignation or removal, or otherwise, the Vice-President shall act as President until the date on which a new President elected in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter to fill such vacancy enters upon his office

and (Art 67)

a Vice-President may, by writing under his hand addressed to the President, resign his office;

It does not require that the president be named, nor does it require that the resignation actually be delivered to the president. The VP a.k.a. acting President can notify himself of his resignation, since he functions completely as the president. The houses of parliament might elect a new vice president between resignations.

  • Great answer but I don't think this is correct answer as per India Government – Chiru Apr 3 at 19:02

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