Can I repurpose it by installing a customized Linux OS and sell it for
profit as part of a bigger industrial/retail solution?
Yes. The "first sale doctrine" prohibits a seller of a good from prohibiting the kind of transaction that you contemplate (so long as the pre-installed Windows operating system, which was sold for personal use only, is not itself used for industrial/retail purposes rather than for personal use).
Indeed, if you have a business that uses this business model, you can generally obtain a sales tax exemption on the purchase since the product is being purchased for resale rather than as a final retail sale.