I'm in Texas, about to sign a new lease. They've sent it to me to e-sign, and there's no option to submit the lease without signing/initialing something.

I'm not expecting to be part of a class action or anything. I just don't like the idea of waiving my right to it.

screencap of class action waiver clause

Text reads:

  1. Class Action Waiver. You agree that you will not participate in any class action claims against us or our representatives. You must file any claim against us individually, and you expressly waive your ability to bring, represent, join or otherwise maintain a class action collective action or similar proceeding against us in any forum.

You understand that, without this waiver, you could be a party in a class action lawsuit. By signing this lease, you accept this waiver and choose to have any claims decided individually. The provisions of this Par. 43 shall survive the termination or expiration of this lease.

I saw this question. It's related but not the same--asks about arbitration.

  • One could respond, counter-offering to sign the lease without the waiver of class-action rights. The landlord will probably not accept this, but it is an option. May 5, 2019 at 7:18
  • The clause cited is a class action waiver, not an arbitration agreement. The FAA does not apply, and none of the cases interpreting the FAA apply. The validity of that clause is governed by Texas contract law. Source: Bonanno v. Quizno's Franchise Co., LLC, No. CIV.A06CV02358CMAKLM, 2009 WL 1068744, at *17 (D. Colo. Apr. 20, 2009) (law governing naked class waiver is state contract law).
    – Mike S
    Dec 8, 2022 at 21:42
  • Epic Systems cited above was a challenge to a class action waiver. Class action waivers are often combined with arbitration agreements. See also en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Class_action_waiver Note sl;so that the ordering of answers is not fixed, so "the answer above" is not a useful designation, instead link or identify by author. Also, this is a comment on another answer, not a valid answer itself. Dec 8, 2022 at 22:15
  • Epic Systems is irrelevant to the analysis, as it was decided under the FAA, and the FAA does not apply absent arbitration. My answer remains correct. Texas law governs, and while Texas may not prohibit "naked" class waivers, as suggested by ohwilleke, there are myriad reasons why that clause may or may not be enforceable, which will be specific to OP's circumstances.
    – Mike S
    Dec 8, 2022 at 22:32
  • If you think that there is a better answer, please write it up as an answer. If you wish to criticize an existing answer, that should be done in a comment, not a post labeled as an answer theist does not itself attempt to answer the question. also "Source: a practicing antitrust lawyer" is not a useful citation, because there is no way for a reader to verify it. Please cite actual sources. Dec 8, 2022 at 22:42

1 Answer 1


Apparently, Yes

in Epic Systems Corp vs Lewis the US Supreme Court wrote:

The Federal Arbitration Act (FAA) generally requires courts to enforce arbitration agreements as written. See 9 USC §§2, 3, 4. The Act’s saving clause—which allows courts to refuse to enforce arbitration agreements “upon such grounds as exist at law or in equity for the revocation of any contract,” §2—recognizes only “ ‘generally applicable contract defenses, such as fraud, duress,or unconscionability,’ ” AT&T Mobility LLC v. Concepcion, 563 U. S. 333, 339

The US Congress could change this by repealing or amending the FAA, but has shown no indication of doing so to date.

Consumer Contracts

In AT&T Mobility Servs. v. Concepcion, he Court held that individual arbitration provisions in consumer contracts are enforceable and precluded parties to such contracts from bringing or participating in class action litigation.

In Brian Griffoul v. Nrg Residential Solar Solutions the NJ Supreme court held that the Federal Arbitration Act applied to a lease by NJ residents of Solar Power equipment from a Delaware company, and held that a clause requiring arbitration, and one precluding class actions wore valid and enforceable. It wrote that:

The [FAA] and the nearly identical [NJAA] enunciate federal and state policies favoring arbitration" as a mechanism of resolving disputes that otherwise would be litigated. (quoting Atalese, 219 N.J. at 440) Arbitration is fundamentally a matter of contract.


In Epic Systems Corp vs Lewis (May 21 2018) Employees challenged a waiver of class action suits as contrary to the Federal National labor Relations Act's section 7 (NLRA Sec 7). The court denied this contention, writing:

The employees ask the Court to infer that class and collective actions are “concerted activities” protected by §7 of the NLRA, which guarantees employees “the right to self-organization, to form, join, or assist labor organizations, to bargain collectively . . . , and to engage in other concerted activities for the purpose of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection,” 29 U. S. C. §157. But §7 focuses on the right to organize unions and bargain collectively. It does not mention class or collective action procedures or even hint at a clear and manifest wish to displace the Arbitration Act.


In another contextual clue, the employees’ underlying causes of action arise not under the NLRA but under the Fair Labor Standards Act, which permits the sort of collective action the employees wish to pursue here. Yet they do not suggest that the FLSA displaces the Arbitration Act, presumably because the Court has held that an identical collective action scheme does not prohibit individualized arbitration proceedings, see Gilmer v. Interstate/Johnson Lane Corp., 500 U. S. 20, 32. The employees’ theory also runs afoul of the rule that Congress “does not alter the fundamental details of a regulatory scheme in vague terms or ancillary provisions,” Whitman v. American Trucking Assns., Inc., 531 U. S. 457, 468, as it would allow a catchall term in the NLRA to dictate the particulars of dispute resolution procedures in Article III courts or arbitration proceedings—matters that are usually left to, e.g., the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, the Arbitration Act, and the FLSA.


The Court has rejected many efforts to manufacture conflicts between the Arbitration Act and other federal statutes, see, e.g. American Express Co. v. Italian Colors Restaurant, 570 U. S. 228; and its §7 cases have generally involved efforts related to organizing and collective bargaining in the workplace, not the treatment of class or collective action procedures in court or arbitration, see, e.g., NLRB v. Washington Aluminum Co., 370 U. S. 9.

In the article ["Supreme Court Rules in Favor of Employers in Upholding Arbitration Agreements Containing Class Action Waivers"] this case is discussed. The authors wrote:

The Court’s opinion, authored by Justice Neil M. Gorsuch for the majority, resolved three cases that were argued together — Epic Systems Corp v. Lewis; Ernst & Young LLP v. Morris; and National Labor Relations Board v. Murphy Oil USA — in all of which an employee who had signed an arbitration agreement containing a class action waiver sought to litigate Fair Labor Standards Act and related state law claims through class or collective actions in federal court. The Seventh Circuit in Lewis and the Ninth Circuit in Morris had sided with the NLRB and the individual employees; the Fifth Circuit had rejected the NLRB’s view in Murphy Oil. Siding with the Fifth Circuit, the Court’s ruling requires employees who have signed arbitration agreements with their employers containing class action waivers to take their disputes to an arbitrator individually rather than as part of a putative class or collective action.


Notably, the Court’s opinion discussed Congress’ ability to pass new legislation to reach a different result. In fact, Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, reading her dissent from the bench, urged Congress to address the matter.

Even if Congress does not act, the Court’s rejection of the NLRA-based challenge does not mean that class action waivers will now be enforced uniformly. The Court acknowledged the FAA’s statutory exception, which permits arbitration agreements to be invalidated “upon such grounds as exist at law or in equity for the revocation of any contract.” The Court held that exception inapplicable here because it includes only defenses that apply to “any contract” (such as duress or fraud), and the NLRA’s arguable attack only on class action waivers does not offer a general defense to contract enforcement. But general state-law contract doctrines such as procedural and substantive unconscionability have played a greater and greater role in disputes over arbitration agreements, and the Court’s decision does not affect those debates.

This article and This one offer similar comment.

See also hte Wikipedias article "Class action waiver" whre it is stated that:

Class action waivers may be found on a standalone basis, though they are more commonly found as part of an arbitration clause, and when paired with such clauses, frequently include jury trial waivers ... the United States Supreme Court ruling in Epic Systems Corp. v. Lewis that such clauses are enforceable.


This answer is entirely US-Centric. The original question asked about a Texas agreement, and I have focused on the Federal Arbitration Act (FAA), which largely governs such issues in Texas and other parts of the US. But similar issues arise in other countries, and this answer has not considered those.

  • 1
    Worth noting this is the US interpretation- the situation in Canada is reversed and its undecided in other common law jurisdictions
    – Dale M
    May 5, 2019 at 4:04
  • @Dale M Now so noted in teh answer. Thank you for pointing this out. May 5, 2019 at 5:28
  • @DaleM Worth noting that the OP was Texas specific.
    – ohwilleke
    Apr 16, 2021 at 23:51
  • Texas has upheld class action waivers outside the arbitration context as well. "Convergys Corporation v. NLRB and LogistiCare Solutions, Inc. v. NLRB – in which, for the first time, a Texas court upheld an employee class action waiver absent an arbitration agreement. In these matters, employers required employees to sign class action waivers, without an arbitration agreement in place, creating a so-called “naked” class action waiver." as of 2018. bellnunnally.com/news/…
    – ohwilleke
    Dec 8, 2022 at 22:04

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