I am just curious if it is legal for Texas to issue a ticket, once the ticket is issued you are automatically also required to pay a surcharge to keep your license from being suspended and on top of that you are also required to carry SR-22 insurence for a minimum of 3 years as I understand from the clerk that explained it to me and failure to keep the SR-22 insurence will result in your licences being suspended. How can it be legal to be fined twice and required to obtain special insurance for a minimum of 3 years just for a speeding ticket or some other driving infraction?
Yes. This doesn't remotely approach the threshold to which the excessive fines clause applies. Also SR-22 insurance isn't a fine, it is a requirement that you take extra responsibility because you are a high risk driver.
In general, states have broad authority to regulate the right to drive a car.