Not sooner than 8-16-2019, but possibly later or earlier based upon details not discussed in the question.
In order to apply for citizenship (in your own right as opposed, for example, to becoming a naturalized citizen because you are a minor child of someone who is naturalized as a citizen) , you need to have a green card for more than 5 years. If you are married to a US Citizen, you need to have a green card for more than 3 years and you should be married to your spouse for more than 3 years.
You must also be eighteen years of age or older when you apply for citizenship.
The answer must be "yes".
In order to apply for citizenship you need to wait 4 years from your latest trip date of a year or more.
Exceptions to the rules above can apply in these cases.
Continuous and Physical Presence
Demonstrating “continuous presence”
You must have continuously lived in the United States as a green card
holder for at least five years (or at least three years if you’re
married to a U.S. citizen). “Continuously” means you did not take any
trips outside of the United States that each lasted six months or
longer during the 3–5 years you’re required to have a green card (plus
the extra period while USCIS processes your U.S. citizenship
application). In other words, you’re allowed to leave the United
States — just make sure to return within six months every time.
IMPORTANT: If you leave the United States for more than six months as
a green card holder, USCIS will presume that you abandoned your
permanent residence in the United States, and they’ll deny your U.S.
There are ways to overcome that presumption even if you do take an
extended trip abroad. The chance of success, however, depends on a few
How long you stayed outside the United States
How compelling your reason was for not coming back sooner
The discretion of the USCIS officer evaluating your application
(officers can still deny your application based on other reasons,
including if you took frequent trips abroad)
Those applying for naturalization based on a certain period or type of
military service do not need to meet this “continuous presence”
requirement. See this eligibility chart to learn when certain military
service members can apply for naturalization.
You may submit your naturalization application as early as 90 days
before you actually finish waiting the required three or five years.
IF YOU STAYED ABROAD FOR 181 TO 364 DAYS
To avoid being denied citizenship, you’ll need to convince the USCIS
officer evaluating your application that you didn’t intend to abandon
your permanent residence in the United States during the time you were
abroad (for more than six months but less than one year).
To accomplish this, you’ll need to provide evidence that you
maintained strong ties to the United States. This evidence could show,
for example, that you:
Kept your job in the United States and didn’t seek employment while
Have immediate family members who remained in the United States
Kept your home in the United States
Enrolled your children in a U.S. school
IF YOU STAYED ABROAD FOR 365 DAYS OR MORE
If you stayed abroad for one year or longer, USCIS will automatically
assume you abandoned your permanent residence in the United States.
They will deny your U.S. citizenship application, and you’ll have to
wait before you can reapply:
If you had to wait five years to apply for citizenship, you’ll need to
wait at least four years and one day upon returning from your trip
abroad to reapply. If you had to wait three years to apply for
citizenship (as the spouse of a U.S. citizen), you’ll need to wait at
least two years and one day upon returning from your trip abroad to
HOW TO AVOID BREAKING CONTINUOUS PRESENCE
To avoid the presumption that you abandoned your permanent resident
status, it’s important to take certain precautions prior to leaving
the United States.
Here are your options:
- Apply for a “re-entry permit.” If you anticipate needing to stay abroad for at least one year, it’s essential to apply for a “re-entry
permit” (using Form I-131, officially called the “Application for
Travel Document”) before you leave the United States.
IMPORTANT: Form I-131 is used to apply for both a re-entry permit and
a typical travel permit. But these two permits — though both intended
to allow the traveler to re-enter the United States upon returning
from a trip abroad — are not the same: a re-entry permit is issued to
current green card holders, whereas a travel permit is issued to green
You’ll need to provide biometrics while you’re in the United States,
but you can request to pick up your re-entry permit from the U.S.
embassy or consulate in the country where you plan to visit (or ask
for expedited processing if your trip is due to an emergency). The
re-entry permit is valid for two years and cannot be extended, so you
must return before the two years has concluded. Otherwise, you most
likely won’t be allowed to re-enter the United States.
Apply for “preservation” of your permanent residence. You’ll be allowed to keep your permanent resident status if you must stay abroad
for one year or longer because of your work, but it must be a specific
type of work approved by the U.S. government. (USCIS lists the types
of employment that qualify.) To apply for “preservation” of your
permanent residence, you’ll need to submit Form N-470 (officially
called the “Application to Preserve Residence for Naturalization
Purposes”) to USCIS — in addition to applying for a re-entry permit
Apply for a “returning resident visa.” If you didn’t anticipate needing to stay abroad for one year or longer because of unforeseen
circumstances, such as a medical emergency, and therefore did not
apply for a re-entry permit before leaving the United States, then
it’s essential to apply for a “returning resident visa.” You’ll need
to contact your nearest U.S. embassy or consulate (at least three
months before you plan to travel back to the United States) and follow
their specific instructions for applying. The process usually involves
completing Form DS-117 (officially called the “Application to
Determine Returning Resident Status”) and an interview with a consular
officer, who will determine whether you should receive a returning
resident visa based on evidence you provide.
Demonstrating “physical presence”
To apply for U.S. citizenship, you must have physically lived in the
United States for at least half of five years (more specifically, 913
days, or roughly 2.5 years) or at least half of three years (more
specifically, 548 days, or a little over 1.5 years) if you’re married
to a U.S. citizen. Although you’re allowed to take multiple trips
outside the United States while you wait out the 3–5 years, it’s
important to keep in mind the requirements for “continuous residence”
(see above) to make sure you also satisfy the “physical presence”
IMPORTANT: When traveling abroad, USCIS will count the days that you
physically leave and return to the United States as days that you were
physically present in the United States. In other words, if you leave
on the January 1 and return on July 1, both of those days would be
counted as days that you were “physically present” in the United
Those applying for naturalization based on a certain period or type of
military service do not need to meet the “physical presence”
requirement. See this eligibility chart to learn how long certain
military service members must have physically lived in the United
States before applying for naturalization.
This requirement is different from the continuous and physical
presence requirements above.
To satisfy the residency requirement, you must have been a resident of
the state or USCIS district where you plan to apply for citizenship
for at least three months immediately prior to applying for
naturalization. (See our detailed guide to naturalization for
exceptions to this requirement based on military service.)
“State” also includes the following:
The District of Columbia
The U.S. Virgin Islands
The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
“USCIS district” refers to the geographical area served by a
particular USCIS field office, determined by your ZIP code. The
“current physical address” you provide on your naturalization
application must be where you’ve established residency (that is, where
you registered to vote, pax taxes, or obtained a state ID or driver’s
license, for example), but there are exceptions. For instance, if
you’re a student and depend on your parents or guardians for financial
support, you may apply for naturalization from either where you attend
school or your family’s home. (For other exceptions, please see the
USCIS Policy Manual.)
IMPORTANT THINGS TO REMEMBER:
If you move after filing Form N-400 (officially called the
“Application for Naturalization”), you must notify USCIS of your new
address within 10 days of relocating to your new home so they can
forward your naturalization file to the appropriate USCIS field
USCIS will consider your residency to be the location you specify as
your “current physical address” on your Form N-400, even if you decide
to apply for naturalization 90 days early.