Suppose the House of Representatives of the United States impeaches a federal officer such as the president or a federal judge, etc. Can they repeal that act before the Senate tries the case?


It's never happened so there is really no definitive answer. There are plausible arguments both ways.

Many impeachment cases have been dismissed in the Senate before a trial is complete, or before a Senate trial is commenced, because a resignation has made the process moot.

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    Concerning your second paragraph: How many? Which ones? Does "many" mean about six, or more like six-hundred, or what? – Michael Hardy Dec 19 '19 at 4:44
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    Since one of the consequences of conviction by the Senate can be disqualification from holding federal offices in the future, it the officer resigns before the end of the trial, it seems that doesn't make the process altogether moot. – Michael Hardy Dec 19 '19 at 4:45
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    @MichaelHardy There have been about two dozen impeachments in the history of the USA. There's a complete list in an answer i did a year or two ago in Politics.SE About a third or a quarter have been dismissed. I'd have to look up the exact number. – ohwilleke Dec 19 '19 at 4:45
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    That will be politics.stackexchange.com/a/25682/10121 . – JdeBP Dec 19 '19 at 12:45
  • See also: "Can the US Senate disqualify a former President?" (about the case of resignation before disqualification.) – WBT Dec 19 '19 at 15:32

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