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The other day while on a vacation I drove past a property and saw a sign that read

Trespassers Will Be Shot On Site

I've never seen a sign such as that, I was a little taken back. After some research it turns out that this type of warning sign is total legal (the best answer I found on this. Also, onsite answer).


This got me thinking when does a warning become a threat and what consideration is used to determine one from the other?

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A warning is arguably often a form of threat (and visa versa). The words are close synonyms. A threat, however, is usually used only in connection with an action that has some sort of human (or at least, AI) agency, while a warning often made to alert someone to a mere natural consequence of an action with no human agency (e.g. a warning that an object is hot and could burn you if you touch it).

But, the term "warning", when used in connection with an action that involves human agency, is usually used when the action threatened would be lawful when taken (and often refers to a threat from a third-party rather than the person giving the warning), while the term "threat" is usually used when the action threatened would be unlawful when taken, or if the action, while lawful, is threatened for an improper purposes that amounts to blackmail (e.g. a threat to release legally taken photos showing that someone is having an affair if money is not paid). Also, a threat is generally made by the person who would take the action (or their agent), rather than a disinterested third-party.

Incidentally, a threat to bring a lawsuit, since a proper purposes of a lawsuit is to secure money from someone, is not improper to connect to a demand to pay money.

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  • This might be a different question altogether but couldn't a warning be taken as a threat in the case of a battery charge? – User37849012643 Jan 20 at 18:37
  • It could. The meaning of words is context specific. The fact that something is a warning does not preclude it from also being a threat. – ohwilleke Jan 20 at 18:39

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