I have sheet music for a piece of classical music that bears the following copyright claim:
© 1927 Carl Fischer, New York. © renewed 1955 Fritz Fischer
Fischer is a well-known publisher of classical sheet music.
I assume that classical music composed more than a century ago is certainly now in the public domain.
I gather that Fischer can claim copyright on its written form of public-domain music because the company adds interpretive markings to its sheet music, and those markings themselves constitute creative content?
In that case the only contents of the sheet music covered by copyright would be whatever unique musical markings Fischer adds, and not the notes set down by the original composer?
Is there any reliable way to determine which elements of a work like classical sheet music are covered by a copyright claim, other than to infringe and have the claimant reveal that at trial?