The relevant bits of Article 1 Section 3 state that:

Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of honor, Trust or Profit under the United States

This seems to imply that, if convicted, the Senate may then choose to remove the president, or to bar them from holding future offices. It is not immediately clear that a conviction necessarily implies either of these punishments.

Does impeachment conviction necessarily imply removal from office?

  • Imply is not the best word as the "removal" is the "mandatory minimum" sentence.
    – hszmv
    Feb 5 '20 at 18:54
  • @hszmv I used "imply" because I was thinking only of the text in Article I section 3. I was overlooking Article II section 4.
    – phoog
    Feb 5 '20 at 20:43
  • I have a math/logic background. By "x implies y" I only meant that "y follows necessarily from x". See definition 3 here
    – Him
    Feb 5 '20 at 22:23

Article II, Section 4 of The Constitution says

The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.

Removal therefore follows automatically from conviction.

  • Isn't that restricted it to those three reasons, though? What if they're impeached for, and convicted of, something else? Feb 6 '20 at 0:18
  • Technically they cannot be impeached for anything else. However, only the House can decide what constitutes treason, bribery or other high crimes and misdemeanors, and only the Senate can decide whether they agree that the acts do constitute treason, bribery or other high crimes and misdemeanors.
    – user6726
    Feb 6 '20 at 1:03
  • Is that stated somewhere as well? (that they cannot be impeached for anything else) Feb 6 '20 at 1:15
  • If they can't be impeached for it, they can't be impeached for it. Can you refer to another section that says impeachment is possible on other grounds? @HeapOverflow
    – Nij
    Feb 6 '20 at 2:13
  • @Nij Don't know. That's pretty much my question. Feb 6 '20 at 2:18

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