Pls see green under-line below. I know what the House of Commons and House of Lords are, but I don't grasp "estates". What happens if I delete "estates of the"?

Colin Faragher. Public Law Concentrate (1 ed 2019). p 124.

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1 Answer 1


Estate is a rather old term for one of the three parts of parliament: Commons, Lords Temporal and Lords Spiritual (Bishops). I don't think it adds a lot to the context.

The Press are commonly referred to as the Fourth Estate.

  • 1
    As an aside, some parliaments are called the "estates general." Even farther aside, the Dutch Staten Generaal are the eponym of Staten Island, New York.
    – phoog
    Mar 18, 2020 at 14:42

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