Let's say you leave fake drugs in someone's yard. Eg, you expect the police to be dumb enough to believe it and arrest the other person, but if caught, you can show they are obviously fake.

What crimes have I committed? Is it just trespassing? Isnt there any crime for planting fake evidence?

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    The title of this question has absolutely nothing to do with the body of it. – Nij Mar 8 '20 at 0:31
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    @Nij I think the OP means plant as in planting evidence, not as in growing drugs – Dale M Mar 8 '20 at 7:52
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    But they're not planting drugs. They're putting something supposedly legitimate to possess. Is it illegal to plant drugs?" and "Is it illegal to fake a crime?" have overlapping but not identical answers. – Nij Mar 8 '20 at 17:54

Let's say you leave fake drugs in someone's yard. Eg, you expect the police to be dumb enough to believe it and arrest the other person

  1. Obstructing a public officer, specifically "deliberately hindering a public officer from carrying out official duties".
  2. Trespassing.

Many US states have an "Obstruction of Justice" statute (also known in common law as "perverting the course of justice"), which in many cases is broad enough to cover your scenario - the planting of an item intended to pervert the course of justice or obstruct an officer of the law during investigations:

The crime can take any number of forms, whether it's bribery, tampering with evidence, lying to investigators, abusing one's power, or some other act intended to impede a criminal investigation.


There is also a Federal statute for obstruction, so you may find yourself on a very wrong end of a very big stick.


In addition to the obstruction of justice or interference with a pubic officer mentioned in other answers, the ploy is unlikely to result in inconvenience to the occupier of the property unless it is reported to the police. So the process of reporting the fake drugs is likely to be filing a false police report, which could be prosecuted if the person filing the report is caught.


There isnt any crime for that. Trespassing or possibly burglary is the best they could do. Drug planting is extremely common, for example https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_City_Police_Department_corruption_and_misconduct

  • it would be best to cite laws or ordinances instead of answering that cops plant drugs (which is in fact a crime). And I am certain that a motivated Prosecutor could get the poster for several crimes. – Tiger Guy Mar 13 '20 at 0:18

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