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The Indian Government has imposed complete lockdown of ALL inbound passengers including Indian Citizens.

It has plenty of confusing wording but it says specifically

iii) As such, no incoming scheduled international commercial passenger aircraft shall be allowed to disembark its passengers on Indian soil (Foreigner or Indian) after 2001 hrs GMT of March 22, 2020 (0131 hrs IST of March 23, 2020).

The Indian Passport has the following on it

These are to request and require in the Name of the President of the Republic of India all those whom it may concern to allow the bearer to pass freely without let or hindrance, and to afford him or her, every assistance and protection of which he or she may stand in need.

Is there any protection in the Indian Constitution that prohibits an entry ban like this?

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    Pretty much every Commonwealth originated passport has that paragraph in it, and it means absolutely nothing - it's a bit of puffery they put on passports to make it look nice and formal, it doesn't actually hold any weight. – Moo Apr 8 at 4:37
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The constitution of India doesn't explicitly talk about the freedom to enter India, it does however grant freedom of movement inside India with some reasonable restrictions (it is ironically not clearly defined as to what may be reasonable). Now it may be argued that for someone to be able to exercise their rights to this freedom, they must be allowed to enter India in the first place, denying entry into India does in fact deny people of this constitutionally guaranteed freedom.

In my opinion, the governments decision to restrict travel into the country for its own citizens is illegal, however for the legality to be determined this order needs to be challenged before a court of law. And as things currently stand most courts in India are currently closed (due to the COVID-19 pandemic) and those that are open are only conducting essential business (essential business again isn't very well defined).

Now as a matter of practice, if you were to show up at a land border or arrive in India by private boat it is highly unlikely that you will be denied entry into the country. The issue really is arriving by air and what happens is that the government issues a directive to the airlines telling them that they are not to allow passengers to board. So technically it is the airlines that is denying people boarding and also note that the ban isn't absolute, you can connect with an Indian mission and in extenuating circumstances they will provide you with documentation that will allow you to travel to the country.

Once this pandemic passes, it will be interesting to see if someone brings this up before a court; however it is unlikely that it will be of any benefit to people who got stuck in limbo this time around.

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