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Is there a term in Law for when someone signs a document as true when said individual is under the belief that the contents of the document are untrue?

For example, if I was asked to sign a document that says "the sky is green", and I saw the sky that morning and it was blue. Signing this document would amount to (insert term here).

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If you are under oath it is called perjury. If you are not under oath it is called lying.

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    Note that for this to be perjury, the false claim would have to be material. It's hard to imagine a case in which the color of the sky would be material. – Nate Eldredge Dec 15 '15 at 0:13
  • So, is someone signing a document or contract under oath? – Terry Price Dec 15 '15 at 0:31
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    Generally, no. An affidavit or statutory declaration is made under oath. – Dale M Dec 15 '15 at 0:34
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    You can only perjure yourself when under oath or attesting before the court. If you're not in that scenario, it's probably "false witness" that the OP is looking for. – dwoz Dec 15 '15 at 16:07
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Signing this document would amount to free speech.

There are circumstances, as comments have said, where we are not allowed to lie. But these circumstances are circumscribed - such as speech under penalty of perjury, attesting to facts under a regulatory rule (signing certain financial documents), etc. Of course, lies about facially mundane things like your address or how long you've lived a place are fraudulent if circumstances align.

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