This is a real scenario I witnessed. But for the sake of anonymity, I will not specify any names.
Suppose the following entities:
- X is the company that provides a service. It is based in country C1.
- Y is a consumer of the service. They live in country C2.
- Z is another consumer of the service. They live in country C3.
Y and Z are both using the same service, which has specific terms to respect, such as respecting your fellow members of the service.
And then the following happens:
- Z, by twisting the "free will of speech" rule, allow themself to post profanities and bully the other members.
- Y reports that behaviour, since the terms of the service specifies that it's forbidden. But alas, nothing is done, so they decide to take screenshots and post it publicly.
- Z reports Y for "naming and shaming", and Y gets banned for that. Meanwhile, Z can keep posting profanities.
Which means there are 2 things here:
- Z is not respecting the terms of the service that X is providing.
- X is not fully enforcing their own terms where they say that you should respect each others.
If Y wanted to take legal action against either X or Z, which they only know online, in which country should it happen?
- Country C2 because that's where the victim (Y) is living.
- Country C3 because that's where the offender (Z) is living.
- Country C1 because that's the country where the company providing the service is legally settled.