The pdf file linked above concerns a lawsuit that is very far from typical of lawsuits in the U.S.A. or anywhere else: One of the states is suing another. Nonetheless it reminded me of a question that has sometimes crossed my mind. Notice that on page 32 is says "New Hampshire requests that the Court order the following relief" and one of the listed items is "Award costs and reasonable attorney’s fees;"
Sometimes it is said that in England winning plaintiffs are awarded lawyers' fees and in the U.S.A. they are not. One reason this has been puzzling to me is that high-profile lawsuits covered in the news media often are reported to involve plaintiffs requesting that attorneys' fees be awarded, although in other contexts lawyers say that is not done in this country.
Under what circumstances are attorneys' fees awarded?