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Travelers A and B are waiting in line at a border patrol checkpoint, when traveler B attempts to steal something of traveler A's. Can a Border Patrol officer intervene, or would they have to summon a state/city/county peace officer? Would the crime be prosecuted and tried under federal law or state law?

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    Why is Colorado tagged? It doesn't have a border. Are you asking about airports? Jan 20 at 0:32
  • @AzorAhai-him- Sure. I just tagged Colorado because it's my home state.
    – moonman239
    Jan 20 at 0:35
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    What relevance does Colorado have to the question?
    – Nij
    Jan 20 at 2:24
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    Are you asking about internal checkpoints operated by the US Border Patrol or external border ports of entry operated by Customs and Border Protection field officers?
    – phoog
    Jan 20 at 4:31
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Can a Border Patrol officer intervene

Yes.

Would they have to summon a state/city/county peace officer?

If no federal law was violated (see below), then yes. If both federal and state laws were violated then they could still choose to let the state take the case.

Would the crime be prosecuted and tried under federal law or state law?

State law, most likely. Federal laws against theft and robbery apply only in certain specific contexts.

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