If a vaccine has a definite proven effect in protecting someone from getting a deadly disease, is blocking them from accessing the vaccine illegal? What laws would be broken?
I'm reading several news stories at the moment which are talking about a variety of situations which would potentially result in someone not getting a Coronavirus vaccine. These include spreading information against the vaccine and encouraging people not to have it, "jumping the queue" to get a vaccine ahead of someone who was entitled to it and destroying the vaccine so it cannot be used.
I do not want to get into debates on the effectiveness of the vaccine or the harm or reality of Coronavirus, so let's use a hypothetical PurpleVaccine that will prevent 50 of 100 people from dying from PurplePlague, where PurplePlague is endemic in the community and there is 100% chance that a person will catch it within the next month. PurpleVaccine has no known side-effects.
- Alice tells Bob that PurpleVaccine will kill 90 of 100 people and scares him so he does not get PurpleVaccine.
- David (Charlotte's father) forbids Charlotte from getting PurpleVaccine and locks her in her room.
- Elaine jumps the queue and gets vaccinated in Fred's place. Fred can not now be vaccinated for another month
- Harry destroys the supply of PurpleVaccine so Gina cannot be vaccinated
If Bob, Charlotte, Fred and Gina all die from PurplePlague, would anyone be liable for manslaughter or other charges?
I'm initially thinking about US jurisdiction, but viewpoints from other jurisdictions would be of interest.