New Zealand has an Interpretation Act 1999 with the purpose:
(a) to state principles and rules for the interpretation of legislation; and
(b) to shorten legislation; and
(c) to promote consistency in the language and form of legislation.
Many other refer to this Act for basic definitions such as the definition of a person:
person includes a corporation sole, a body corporate, and an unincorporated body
It does not define what a "corporation sole", "body corporate" or an "unincorporated body" are.
For an Act that is supposed to state the rules of interpretation this seems to be a very unclear definition.
My first questions are why would this be omitted? Are they such well defined terms in law that there can be no question to whether something meets that definition?
The Australian Law Dictionary defines "corporation sole" as:
A corporate entity embodied in a single titular head whose personal identity changes as the office is vacated and a new appointment made.
For example the Governor General.
The The Oxford Dictionary of New Zealandisms says that "body corporate" is:
an association of individual owners responsible for the maintenance and administration of property held in common...
This is the definition that 99% of New Zealanders will say if you ask them.
It probably intended to mean the more general definition found in Oxford A Dictionary of Accounting:
A *corporation consisting of a body of persons legally authorized to act as one person, while being distinct from that person.
Assuming we replace persons with individual or some other term that could work.
Oxford A Dictionary of Law defines "unincorporated body" as:
An association that has no legal personality distinct from those of its members (compare corporation).
Both of these "bodies" rely on there being an "association".
The Australian Law Dictionary defines "association" as:
An entity created by the action of combining together for a common purpose; confederation, league (see incorporated association);...
An entity is... (you get the idea)
The problem with written definitions is that you need a basic vocabulary to start with so you could continue this exercise forever however I would expect the definition of person be a lot clearer than it is.
Was I combined together for a common purpose with no legal distinction from myself? Am I a person?