Many people get extradited for breaking a country's laws by hacking against that country. This is how International Cyberattackers get brung to justice, But what if one Jurisdiction Government personnel commits a crime against one country but was working for a foreign government, does extradition apply to this? Is there forced extradition? Could the US extradite the Russian Hackers who started the cyber attack against the US private sector and US government agencies and departments?
Could the US extradite the Russian Hackers who started the cyber attack against the US private sector and US government agencies and departments?
No.The United States and Russia do not have an extradition treaty. See Russian Indictment and Extradition | American Constitution Society. And within Russia, extradition is constitutionally prohibited; see Chapter 2. Rights and Freedoms of Man And Citizen | The Constitution of the Russian Federation.
Is there forced extradition?
Maybe.Either country could use covert action or even start a war to "force" extradition, or use a form of covert or overt rendition to bring the individuals to a country to face trial.
The US could file an extradition request for the hackers involved. It would need to know who they were, and have significant evidence that they were responsible and that their actions were a crime under both US and Russian law.
But if the hackers were in fact sponsored or employed by the Russian Government, as has been claimed, I would expect extradition to be refused, probably on some pretext, perhaps that what was done was not illegal under Russian law for some reason.
Extradition is never automatic, the country where the wanted person is can choose to honor a demand or not. The risk is that if a demand is refused, demands the other way may also be refused, and other forms of international pressure may be used. The effectiveness of that will depend on the relationship and relative positions of the countries involved.