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I right on some French embassy website:

La carte nationale d’identité est un document officiel qui permet à tout citoyen de justifier de son identité et, sous certaines conditions, de sa nationalité française.

translate.google.com:

The national identity card is an official document which allows any citizen to prove their identity and, under certain conditions, their French nationality.

In which conditions is one's French ID card not a proof of one's French citizenship?


Example of a French ID card:

enter image description here

The content of the red rectangle means "French citizenship".

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  • 1
    Aren't those cards issued to non-French residents too? I'm not sure if there's an interesting background there. ;)
    – JJJ
    Mar 20 at 7:24
  • @JJJ I am not sure but in case they are then the question becomes in which conditions is one's French ID card is a proof of one's French citizenship :-) Mar 20 at 7:26
  • 2
    For Germany, a national ID card gives a strong legal presumption of citizenship, but the law recognizes that it might have been issued mistakenly. (If that was not the fault of the applicant, citizenship becomes permanent 12 years later.)
    – o.m.
    Mar 20 at 7:43
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    @FranckDernoncourt Yes, neither an ID or Passport is considered an absolut proof of citizenship, but only the assumption of citizenship since both documents may only be issued to German citizens. In the rare cases where an absolut proof is needed (taking on a position where citizenship is required) a Staatsangehörigkeitsausweis must be issued. Mar 20 at 8:20
  • 1
    Maybe this article will be of interest: 2002-06 Le Monde Diplomatique: Are You Sure You're French? Mar 20 at 9:26
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The only condition is that the document must be within its validity period for the purpose of proving citizenship, which includes the validity written on the document but can go beyond it. There's also an implicit condition that the document must not have been revoked (because it was declared stolen, or because it was found to have been obtained fraudulently): if it's been revoked, it's deemed not to exist anymore. An additional subtlety is that French law cannot dictate what other countries consider to be sufficient evidence of French citizenship.

The wording on the website of the embassy in Thailand is strange and I couldn't find similar wording elsewhere. For example, the general consulate in Buenos Aires states

La carte nationale d’identité est un document officiel qui permet à tout citoyen de justifier de son identité et de sa nationalité française.

i.e. ”the national identity card is an official document which allows any citizen to prove their identity and their French nationality“.

The relevant law when you need to prove your French citizenship to a French government service is article R113-5 of the Code des relations entre le public et l'administration (code governing interactions between French government services and the public). It states that a “carte nationale d'identité en cours de validité” (identity card within its validity period) is sufficient proof of identity and citizenship. An official government website states that the document remains valid as a proof of citizenship for 5 years after its expiration date. I can't find the law that codifies this (for the specific case of renewing an identity card, it's in article 4-1 of decree 55-1397, and for the deliverance of a passport, in article 5 of decree 2005-1726).

My understanding is that this law does not cover border crossings. I could not find the French laws that cover crossing a French border as a French citizen.

A number of countries, including all European Union and Schengen Area countries, accept French identity cards as a proof of French citizenship, granting the right to cross their borders. These documents are listed in the Public Register of Authentic identity and travel Documents Online. The entries for French identity cards do not mention any conditions other than the validity period.

A subtlety about the validity period of French identity cards is that cards issued between 02/01/2004 and 31/12/2013 (except to minors) had their validity extended after issuance: the validity period shown on the card is 10 years, but a subsequent law extended the validity to 15 years. Although PRADO mentions the 5-year extension, not all countries accept it. The French government publishes a list of countries according to whether they do or do not accept it.

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