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When there’re improper wordings or self-conflicting terms in an agreement, what factors should be considered to determine whether the effect of the agreement is undermined?

For example: A tenancy agreement has been created between a landlord A and a tenant B. B pays the rents to A to rent the place. But one (the first) clause in the agreement read: Outlines the arrangement and terms of the tenant to rent as a subtenant of the landlord through a sublease of the premises of ADDRESS OF THE PLACE

In this case, B pays the rents to the landlord to rent the place, he/she should be considered as a tenant, but the above-mentioned clause states that the tenant rent as a subtenant, which may cause confusions. But is that confusing enough such that the enforceability of the agreement is undermined?

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is that confusing enough such that the enforceability of the agreement is undermined?

No. Inaccurate labels are unlikely to prevent the parties and the fact-finder from ascertaining the intent and legal implications of the agreement. Nor can the improper labels overcome the non sequitur of a landlord leasing directly to a "subtenant", that is, with no underlying tenant(s) as legal link between the parties to that agreement.

Where the use of inaccurate labels would elude non-waivable statutory provisions, those labels are stripped of their nominal effect and the agreement would be enforced as if it used the proper labels.

In the scenario you outline, B is in fact a tenant regardless of how he is labeled in the agreement. Landlord A cannot get away with violating B's statutory rights under the pretext that pursuant to the agreement B is a subtenant rather than a tenant.

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