I watched a old video (Don't talk to Police) that popped up while looking up information related to cyber forensics and false positives. I gathered the following points:
- You can't talk your way out of getting arrested. (7:55)
- Everything you tell the police can be used against you but not to help you. (8:46)
- More than 25% of DNA exoneration cases had defendants that made incriminating statements, delivered outright confessions or pled guilty. (11:11)
- People will move to convict based on anything, including mis-speaking, despite knowledge about how human nature and situations can trick people into an incriminating response despite being innocent. (13:20)
- Knowledge that you didn't like someone is used to convict. The focus is motive and opportunity. (14:50)
- The 5th amendment was not designed as a shelter for the guilty (despite it often being used as such). It was designed to help prevent you from unknowingly incriminating yourself. (17:00)
- Even if you are innocent, what you say to the police can be used to crucify you in court if the police don't recall your testimony with 100% accuracy. (17:38)
- People often forget that "them vs the legal system" is like an "avg person vs a professional boxer". It seems that both defendants and juries are in the amateur vs champion game. (33:00)
- Police officers still think that if they put a story together, validity that it's close to what happened is confirmed by the other person slumping down in their chair or putting their hand to their face. (33:53)
That last point suggest we still live in a world where people think "if they're not looking you in the eye...that means they're lying". Confident, researched, guilty actors get away with murder, and unconfident nervous innocent people get slaughtered. I've seen this once inside the courtroom and many times outside the courtroom. I couldn't watch anymore beyond this point because it was frustrating to see the police officer talking like he had mastered the science of body language and psychology. It's unchecked confirmation bias.
With the above in mind:
- Given people believe "if you're pleading the 5th, you must be guilty" or "if you're innocent you won't have to plead the 5th", is pleading the 5th the only thing people can do to avoid talking to the police and mistakenly incriminating themselves?
Are there situations where not talking to the police is illegal or where you can be legally punished for not talking to the police? For example, if you witness a accident or crime and just don't want to get involved?