Say an Irish national resides in another country (Denmark) and looks for work and cannot find work in her profession. But instead, she finds a part-time job that is poorly paid and she is only working 6 or 10 hours per week. A year later she seeks welfare benefits to supplement her income.

Would she be refused welfare benefits on the basis that she is not a 'worker'?

  • Yes. My apologies for that.
    – DeKantian
    May 13, 2021 at 12:09
  • 1
    "Would she be refused" is a question of the national implementation of national and EU regulations. "Should she be refused" is a question of EU treaties. Which one are you asking? And if this is not a theoretical question, this probably requires a Danish lawyer who can be briefed on all the details of the fact.
    – o.m.
    May 13, 2021 at 13:41
  • It's 'Would she be refused?' and it's a theoretical question.
    – DeKantian
    May 13, 2021 at 14:04
  • What do you mean by welfare benefits? Unemployment, child support, housing..?
    – user35069
    May 13, 2021 at 16:57

1 Answer 1


Denmark has at least 14 different categories of state benefits, each with their own particular eligibility conditions.

Taking Unemployment Benefit as an example, a claimant has to:

  • have been a member of a recognised unemployment insurance fund for at least 1 year;

  • have resided in Denmark (which also includes the Faroe Islands and Greenland) or in another EU/EEA country or Switzerland for 5 years within the last 12 years (requirement repealed from 1st February 2020);

  • have registered at jobcentret (the Public Employment Service);

  • fulfil the employment requirement;

  • meet the availability requirement; if your [their] unemployment is self-induced there is a waiting period of 3 weeks before you [they] can receive unemployment benefit.

But no mention is made of not being a 'worker'

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