Is it legal to keep small quantities of prescription and/or schedule 1 drugs in a first aid kit? In this situation there would be no prescription or doctor involved. Examples would be:

  • morphine
  • digitalis
  • EpiPen

I looked in various legal resources and could not find a clear answer.

Although I am primarily interested in the legal issues for storage of drugs in first aid kits on land, I am also interested in the same question concerning such drugs being present in a first aid kit on a ship either in US territorial waters or in international waters.

  • 1
    Would the person possessing the first aid kit hold current prescriptions for each of those drugs?
    – Sneftel
    Jul 21, 2021 at 16:19
  • @Sneftel No.....
    – Cicero
    Jul 21, 2021 at 16:41
  • 1
    There's also the issue of who owns the medications and whether they have a prescription for it.
    – Ron Trunk
    Jul 21, 2021 at 17:41
  • 2
    I'm pretty sure these are schedule 2 (or below) drugs. Schedule 1 would be things like heroin and ecstasy; duffysrehab.com/resources/articles/schedule-of-drugs
    – Richard
    Jul 21, 2021 at 19:30
  • @Richard Yes, I guess so. Morphine is schedule 2, not schedule 1.
    – Cicero
    Jul 21, 2021 at 19:38

1 Answer 1


Not for unqualified use

This falls under “possession with intent to dispense”.

It’s OK if the first aid kit is for use by:

  • a practitioner authorised to dispense drugs (a doctor, nurse practitioner, paramedic or pharmacist)
  • a person registered under the quoted chapter (which can include first-aid officers in remote or isolated locations, like ships)
  • the specific person for whom the medication was prescribed

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