Is there a cause of action for "Outrageous conduct" that does not depend on the vulnerability to the emotional distress of an individual but might be properly applied to a public official (acting in official capacity) due to the effects on society as a whole?
I found California jury instructions regarding the intentional infliction of emotional distress that defined outrageous conduct as:
“Outrageous conduct” is conduct so extreme that it goes beyond all possible bounds of decency. Conduct is outrageous if a reasonable person would regard the conduct as intolerable in a civilized community. Outrageous conduct does not include trivialities such as indignities, annoyances, hurt feelings, or bad manners that a reasonable person is expected to endure.
If that definition fits the acts (or inaction) of a public official, might it be applicable under a different cause of action, e.g. mandamus under 28 U.S. Code § 1361? (See for example https://www.judicialwatch.org/documents/jw-v-united-states-capitol-police-121-cv-00401/) Could outrageous conduct overcome allowance for a discretionary duty? (I think there was a hearing, in this case, today, but the results aren't public yet.)
Stretching my lack of knowledge of the legal process, could outrageous conduct be used in a class action?