There are quite a few laws in the USA (mostly at the Federal level) governing copyright and how to handle infringement. Most of these laws seem to establish criminal and/or civil liability for the act of copying rather than simple possession.
So, my question is, if I have already come into possession of a tangible/physical item that violates copyright (e.g. a pirated video game cartridge, DVD, video tape, etc.), is there any law that creates civil or criminal liability for continuing to possess it? To be clear, I'm asking about bare possession, like keeping the item on my desk or something as a curiosity, rather than copying it further, importing it, exporting it, selling it, lending it, commercially exploiting it as part of a business venture, using it to assault a police officer, etc.
As an analogy, most "illegal" drugs are illegal to simply possess. If I have some heroin in my desk drawer, that is illegal in itself even if I refrain from selling it to someone, shipping it across a border, etc. Is a copyright-infringing item similar to that or does the law only get involved when something else (e.g. further copying, sale, etc.) is done?
Yes, it's possible that a law was broken in the acquisition of an infringing item. For the purposes of this question, that is irrelevant.
In response to Nate Eldredge's comment, yes I am asking solely about bare possession. Maybe I plan to "play" or "load up" an infringing video game cartridge at some point in the indeterminate future, but what I care about now is whether I can be "busted" in the meantime just for having it or if a cause of action only arises when I play it.
Of course, I am asking this as a hypothetical, and am interested in the theory of this rather than advice for any specific case or scenario. The problem I am having researching this is that a lot of actual court cases that seemingly involve possession of infringing items are actually about using or selling them. For example, physical shops selling pirated DVD's (which were actually a real thing 20 years ago) would occasionally get "busted" for selling the products or attempting to import them from whatever country it was that stamped them out by the dozen, not for simply having them on an upper shelf in the storeroom.