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Is separation considered to be a measure of layoffs and quitting from firm's perspective?

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  • This question might be better suited for Law. Also, the exact details of legal code of the country/state probably matter, so these details should be included in your question.
    – Giskard
    Nov 3 at 16:04
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    I’m voting to close this question because it is about English; the terms are defined by usage, not by law.
    – Nij
    Nov 4 at 1:26
  • Try merriam-webster.com Nov 4 at 1:32
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    Employment law is a form of law. I think that the OP should probably specify s jurisdiction, though, because every country's employment laws are different.
    – nick012000
    Nov 4 at 4:07
  • legal terminology is on-topic here Nov 4 at 5:28
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  • "Separation" is a generic term indicating that the person no longer works at the firm, or more often the process by which the person's employment ends. It can refer to a resignation, a retirement, or a layoff or a discharge.

  • A "layoff" is an event where one or more workers have their employment ended by the company, because there is no work of the type that they had been doing available. It most often is used of multiple employees at the same time. It may imply that the firm will offer the former employees a chance to return to work if conditions change. It implies that individual fault was not the primary reason for the end of employment. However, the word is sometimes used when the employee was at fault, as a way to soften the description. In some industries, there are legal consequences to a layoff that do not apply to other kinds of termination of employment, generally additional benefits or protections for employees who have been laid off.

  • A "resignation" (or less formally "quitting" ) is a voluntary choice by the employee to leave a job, for any reason.

  • "Retirement" is a special sense of resignation. It implies that the employee has left the job because s/he is at the end of a career, and usually has been in that job for multiple years. Unless it is a "mandatory retirement" it is at the decision of the employee.

  • The terms "termination", "discharge", and "firing" all mean that the employer has decided to end the employment for some individual reason, often something judged to be the fault of the employee.

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    At least in Australia, termination is a neutral term akin to separation (which isn’t used here).
    – Dale M
    Nov 4 at 12:00
  • In the united Kingdom separation is not used but severance is sometimes used particularly in the phrase severance pay. In the UK termination is a neutral word to lawyers but in popular usage tends to mean fired
    – Nemo
    Nov 4 at 12:50
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    A retirement may not be a separation, if the employer continues to provide benefits such as an ERISA compliant pension, or health insurance, or (in the example of my grandfather) an on-campus professor emeritus office.
    – user662852
    Nov 4 at 15:35

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