Let's suppose someone is house-sitting for an associate, and they are away on holiday. Then some enforcement agents come to settle a debt, claiming to be entitled to seize any possessions at the address. What if the majority of the possessions in the property at the time of the enforcement visit belong not to the debtor, but to the house-sitter? What is the situation here then, legally speaking?

  • 2
    I suppose that the house-sitter could demand to see appropriate lawful documents giving the enforcement agents the right to seize the house-owner's goods, and refuse access if they ae not presented. Dec 24, 2021 at 15:40
  • Obviously, get a lawyer. Also, I would try to stall them until I could get my lawyer on-site with me ASAP (or possibly Zoom one in, not sure if that holds any weight or not). Dec 25, 2021 at 17:54

1 Answer 1


(things might be different in and assuming the Enforcement Agents are in possession of a lawful writ or warrant)

Short Answer:

The house sitter has to prove ownership

Long Answer:

The law, at para 10, Schedule 12 of the Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007 is that:

An enforcement agent may take control of goods only if they are goods of the debtor.

Note that:

Bailiffs can consider at first sight “prima facie” any goods are the property of the debtor and the burden of proof who owns seized goods lies with the debtor or the owner [in this case the house sitter]: Observer Ltd v Gordon [1983] - but does not apply to vehicles [they should check with DVLA] Source

This means they can sieze goods they believe are owned solely by the debtor or jointly with a co-owner but not "third party goods" that belong to someone else - therefore onus is on the the house sitter to prove their ownership.  If this cannot be proved to the bailiffs' satisfaction and they take some "third party goods" then the house sitter may lodge an interpleader claim as per Civil Procedure Rule 85.4 to recover their goods.

  • Comments are not for extended discussion; this conversation has been moved to chat.
    – Pat W.
    Dec 27, 2021 at 12:52

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.