On January 4th, 2022, Elizabeth Holmes was found guilty on three accounts of wire fraud (plus a conspiracy).
The concept strikes me as odd: Why would the communication medium make a difference in the case of fraud? Whether I mail a letter (mail fraud per 18 U.S.C. § 1341), send an email (wire fraud per 18 U.S.C. § 1343, even if no wire whatsoever may be involved) or use a bush drum (none of the above): The fraudulent intent, act and damage is the same, hence the punishment should be the same.
Why this oddity of paying attention to the medium?