The company ASML Holding N.V. is, quote Wikipedia: "the sole supplier of extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUV) photolithography machines in the world"
This means that ASML has a monopolistic position in the global semiconductor / computer chips supply chain.
If Intel wants to step up manufacturing of computer chips, in response to the global chips shortage, it must buy equipment from ASML. There is no other way.
However, ASML's EUV manufacturing capacity is already at a maximum.
If Intel were to request ASML to allow Intel to manufacture more of those EUV machines at Intel's manufacturing facilities, assuming no technical barriers, does ASML have an obligation to agree?
In general, if a patent holder holds the patent to a world-impacting monopolistic technology, does the patent holder have an obligation to ensure that such technology and the products of such technology is always able to meet market demand?
Furthermore, is there any limit on the profit margins that a patent holder is allowed to make?
Assuming that Pfizer is the only company that has the patent to the manufacturing of a COVID-19 vaccine of reasonable effectiveness. Pfizer's accounts department, after running the numbers through their computers, come to the conclusion that in order to maximize profits, they should limit the supply of the vaccines and sell the vaccines at a cost of 1 million US dollars per dose. What would be the consequences of such a move? Assuming everything is done by the book. No mass riots, no assassinations, no extra-legal sanctions.