The Constitution of India states under Article 25

Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion

Subsequently Article 27 states

Freedom from payment of taxes for promotion of any religion

The need for a separate article to cover the specific head of non-applicability of taxes is clear. The use of the word 'promote' instead of 'propagate is unclear - especially since the term 'promote' here can hardly be expected to mean 'improve the standing' vis-a-vis any other religion.

What is the significance of the use of 'promote' in Article 27 of the Indian Constitution?

1 Answer 1


Those are titles of articles, not enforceable declarations (which are complete sentences). The actual articles say (art 25)

25(1): Subject to public order, morality and health and to the other provisions of this Part, all persons are equally entitled to freedom of conscience and the right freely to profess, practise and propagate religion.

Art. 27 says

No person shall be compelled to pay any taxes, the proceeds of which are specifically appropriated in payment of expenses for the promotion or maintenance of any particular religion or religious denomination.

Art 25(1) includes 4 religious freedoms, one being

Right to propagate: Transmission and dissemination of one’s religious beliefs to others or exposition of the tenets of one’s religion.

An individual has the right to transmit and disseminate beliefs, and Art. 25 says you can do it. Art. 27 is about government action, and says that the government cannot favor one religion over another, but it can aid all religions equally. These articles could have written differently for example Art. 27 could have been written to say "...expenses in order to favor any particular religion or religious denomination over others.

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .